Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender’s hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop.
The time shall be two fifteen-minute halves, with five minutes rest between. Current rule: This varies by the level of play, such as high school and collegiate. In the NBA, there are four quarters, each 12 minutes long, with a 15-minute halftime break.
Basketball is a team sport. Two teams of five players each try to score by shooting a ball through a hoop elevated 10 feet above the ground. The game is played on a rectangular floor called the court, and there is a hoop at each end. … The team with the ball is called the offense.
The game of basketball as it is known today was created by Dr. James Naismith in December 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts, to condition young athletes during cold months. It consisted of peach baskets and a soccer style ball.
Five Basic Skills of Basketball
- Dribbling. Top point guards dribble and control the ball as if it were on a string. …
- Passing. Great passers can see the whole court and anticipate where a teammate will go and what a defender will do. …
- Shooting. It’s difficult to score if you can’t shoot the ball effectively. …
- Rebounding. …
The offensive team has 10 seconds to get the ball across half court. If it takes longer than 10 seconds, then they will lose possession of the ball. Over-and-back. Once the offensive team has gotten the ball over half court, they cannot go back into the defender’s half court with the ball. This is called over-and-back.
A player who commits five personal fouls over the course of a 40-minute game, or six in a 48-minute game, fouls out and is disqualified for the remainder of the game. A player within one or two fouls of fouling out is in “foul trouble.”
TEAM FOUL: Each personal foul committed by a player is also counted against his team; when a team goes over the limit, its opponent is awarded a free-throw. In America’s NBA, the limit is five fouls – personal or technical – in any one period, after which the opposing team get two free throws.
In basketball, a foul is an infraction of the rules more serious than a violation. Most fouls occur as a result of illegal personal contact with an opponent and/or unsportsmanlike behavior. … The player committing the foul “fouls out” of the game.
The inside of a basketball is made up a spherical “bladder” made of vulcanized rubber that holds air. The bladder is wrapped and covered with nylon thread, then covered with six rubber panels. Those rubber panels are then covered with leather panels that are glued on by hand.